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中国集成电路产业规模首破千亿,高增长背后隐忧仍存

(联合早报网讯)近年来,中国集成电路制造业得到了快速发展,年产值已突破千亿元大关。受利好因素影响,国内正迎来新一轮集成电路投资热潮。但专家表示,集成电路产业核心技术受制于人、产品市场占有率较低、配套的设备与材料发展不足等短板犹待破解。

据经济参考报报道,中国半导体行业协会副理事长陈贤在近日举行的“2017年第20届中国集成电路制造年会”上表示,目前国内集成电路制造产业形势一片大好,2016年中国集成电路制造产业产值首度超过1000亿元大关,达到1126.9亿元;今年上半年,集成电路制造业继续保持良好成长势头,同比增长25.6%,产业规模达到571亿元。

虽然中国芯片制造业产值增长、投资活跃,但产业现状却并不乐观。集成电路多年来一直是中国最大的进口商品,而近来芯片制造业的快速增长很大一部分来自在华外资公司的增长。目前,中国前十大芯片制造公司中,外资公司的数量占据一半,营收比重占到了56%。

中国企业在先进制程技术上也明显落后于国际竞争对手。在专家看来,目前国内晶圆制造技术落后世界领先水平2代,且缺乏有规模的集成器件制造(IDM)企业。

从本质上说,集成电路产业还是制造业,而制造业的核心在于供应链。中科院微电子研究所所长叶甜春表示,中国半导体产业的发展,首先要降低成本,供应链的保障非常重要;其次,产业链要走在前面,这才是健康的产业生态。因此,必须加快建立国产集成电路产业链生态体系,只有这样才能为产业长远发展奠定基础。

In recent years, China's integrated circuit manufacturing industry has been rapid development, the annual output value has exceeded 100 billion yuan mark. Affected by favorable factors, the domestic is ushering in a new round of integrated circuit investment boom. But experts said that the core technology of integrated circuit industry is subject to people, product market share is low, supporting the development of equipment and materials such as short board still need to crack.

According to the Economic Information Daily reported that China Semiconductor Industry Association Vice Chairman Chen Xian recently held in the 2017 China 20th Century China Integrated Circuit Manufacturing Conference, "said the current domestic IC manufacturing industry situation is excellent, 2016 China Integrated Circuit Manufacturing industry output value for the first time more than 100 billion yuan mark, reaching 112.69 billion yuan; the first half of this year, integrated circuit manufacturing industry continued to maintain a good momentum of growth, an increase of 25.6%, industrial scale reached 57.1 billion yuan.

Although China's chip manufacturing industry output growth, investment is active, but the industry is not optimistic about the status quo. ICs have been the largest importer of China for many years, and the recent rapid growth in chip manufacturing is largely due to the growth of foreign companies in China. At present, China's top ten chip manufacturing companies, the number of foreign companies accounted for half of the proportion of revenue accounted for 56%.

Chinese companies in the advanced process technology is also significantly behind the international competitors. In the expert view, the current domestic wafer manufacturing technology behind the world's leading level 2 generation, and the lack of scale integrated device manufacturing (IDM) enterprises.

In essence, the integrated circuit industry or manufacturing, and manufacturing is the core of the supply chain. Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Microelectronics Ye Tianchun said that the development of China's semiconductor industry, first of all to reduce costs, supply chain protection is very important; Second, the industry chain to go in front, this is a healthy industrial ecology. Therefore, we must speed up the establishment of domestic integrated circuit industry chain ecological system, the only way to lay the foundation for long-term development of the industry.

 


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